Convicts logging - Fourteen convicts and 16 soldiers and their families settled at Macquarie Harbour on Sarah Island in January 1822. It became Tasmania’s first penal settlement. One of the reasons for the settlement on Sarah Island was Huon pine, a valued timber. Sarah Island was very secure. An escapee would have to get hack through impenetrable rainforest on the west coast of Tasmania to escape.112 convicts did escape: 71 died and 41 were recaptured, four having reached South America.
Female Factory in South Hobart, Tasmania. Governor George Arthur purchased the site at Cascades for the female factory in 1827 from the owner of a failed distillery, TY Lowes. The factory's first intake of female prisoners was in December 1828, from the prisoners at Hobart Town Female Factory. It gradually expanded to hold 700 female convicts and their children, though at its peak it was even more overcrowded than usual, holding 1,200 women and children.