Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.

Pearl S. Buck - Nobel Prize in Literature 1938 "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces" Read her beautifully written book, The Good Earth.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Prize motivation: "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"

Dorothy Mary Hodgkin, OM, FRS May 1910 – 29 July née Crowfoot, was a British biochemist, credited with the development of protein crystallography. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in

Marie Curie - 1st female professor at Paris U, winner of two Nobel prizes - which she donated, discovery of two elements as well as radioactivity

Marie Skłodowska-Curie November 1867 – 4 July was a Polish physicist and chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel physics and chemistry.

Elizabeth H. Blackburn Nobel Prize winner for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telemeres and the enzyme telomerase.

Elizabeth H. Blackburn - The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase".

Marie Curie 1867 – 1934. Winner of two Nobel Prizes (in Chemistry AND Physics) Curie also discovered the radioactive elements polonium and radium and was, in general, a scientific powerhouse. Favorite Lumosity game: Penguin Pursuit

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011: Leymah Gbowee. Prize motivation: for her "non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

Leymah Gbowee, Liberian peace activist and Nobel Prize winner for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work.

Toni Morrison  ~ novelist -      The first African American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature and winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Her enthralling books illuminate the mysteries of the human heart and unflinchingly take on the toughest issues.

125 Most Influential Women

Toni Morrison NOVELIST The first African American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature; winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Her enthralling books illuminate the mysteries of the human heart and unflinchingly take on the toughest issues.

Alice Munro (Nobel Prize in Literature 2013)  (b. 1931) is a Canadian author writing in English. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.

Alice Munro (Nobel Prize in Literature (b. is a Canadian author writing in English. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.

Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize winner in Literature in 1920).

Knut Hamsun (August 1859 – February Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize winner in Literature in

The Nobel Prize in Literature 1909: Selma Lagerlöf. Prize motivation: "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"

Selma Lagerlöf, 1858 - first woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature in author of "one of the most charming children's book in any language: Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige [The Wonderful Adventures of Nils].

John Steinbeck, Nobel Prize Winner, Riverton, CT 1985 by Bill Eppridge

American novelist John Steinbeck Nobel Prize winner for "The Grapes of Wrath"

nobel peace prize winners

Asia's Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

Since twelve Asian people have won Nobel Peace Prizes. See the prize winners, and learn more about the reasons they were honored.

Marie Curie in 1903 at the time she was awarded her Nobel prize in Chemistry

Is this the greatest meeting of minds ever? Einstein and Curie among SEVENTEEN nobel prize winners at historic conference

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