In the Middle Ages a priest named Datedo started Italy’s first orphanage for children born out of adultery to save them from abandonment and death. In 1198 Pope Innocent III ordered the Santo Spirito hospital to install a wooden “Ruota” (Wheel) behind a wooden door into which women could anonymously slip new-born babies they were unable to keep, then ring a bell before they fled into the night. The last of this “Cradles of Love” was inaugurated at Abbiategrasso, Milan, on Christmas Eve…
1202-04.4th crusade.Flotte des croisés devant Byzance.Français 5594,fol.217 haut.was a Western European armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III,originally intended to reconquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt.Instead,a sequence of events culminated in the Crusaders sacking the city of Constantinople,the capital of the Christian-controlled Byzantine Empire.
Agnes of Merania ( ? - Queen of France from 1196 - She was the third wife of Philippe II, and she had two children with him. The pope declared their marriage invalid, although he did not take back his second wife until after Agnes died.
The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade was a military campaign initiated by Pope Innocent III to eliminate Catharism in Languedoc, in the south of France. The Crusade was prosecuted primarily by the French crown