Colonial Sydney Town

The British colony of New South Wales was established with the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 vessels under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip in January 1788. It consisted of over a thousand settlers, including 778 convicts (192 women and 586 men). A few days after arrival at Botany Bay the fleet moved to the more suitable Port Jackson where a settlement was established at Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788.
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Sydney Cove from the new Circular Quay looking North. 1844

Sydney Cove from the new Circular Quay looking North, by Frederick Garling

Intersection of Oxford St . Liverpool St in the 80 s

Intersection of Oxford St . Liverpool St in the 80 s

Picnic at Mrs Macquarie's Chair, 1855

Picnic at Mrs Macquarie's Chair, 1855

Middle Harbour, (1876) by Conrad Martens

Middle Harbour, (1876) by Conrad Martens

Central Railway Station, Sydney - Completed clock tower, 1920.

Central Railway Station, Sydney - Completed clock tower, 1920.

Central Railway Station balloon loop, 1908. Note the tall building on the left was the Railway employment office for many years.

Central Railway Station balloon loop, Note the tall building on the left was the Railway employment office for many years.

Central Railway Station, Sydney

Central Railway Station, Sydney

Western view of Sydney Cove.

Western view of Sydney Cove.

Cumberland Street Lockup (1829–1882) served as the principal police station for the north part of the city from 1847 until replaced by 127 George Street. (Illustrated Australasian News, 29 June 1881)

Cumberland Street Lockup (1829–1882) served as the principal police station for the north part of the city from 1847 until replaced by 127 George Street. (Illustrated Australasian News, 29 June 1881)

Australian Library Sydney 1848

Sydney in 1848 - The Australian Library - Historic Architecture

Sydney Cove, 1820's.

Sydney Cove, 1820's.

George Street by Church Hill, Sydney

George Street by Church Hill, Sydney by Powerhouse Museum Collection

View of the Heads, and part of Botany Bay - from the End of Cook's River [about 8 miles from Sydney - New South Wales - The point of land seen to the right is call'd Cape Banks, that to the left Cape Solander] Joseph Lycett

View of the Heads, and part of Botany Bay - from the End of Cook's River [about 8 miles from Sydney - New South Wales - The point of land seen to the right is call'd Cape Banks, that to the left Cape Solander] Joseph Lycett

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