Ernest Hemingway on the events at Smyrna in September 1922
Ernest Hemingway arrived in Constantinople on the 29th of September 1922 as a war correspondent for the Chicago Tribune to cover the final phase of the Greco-Turkish war. A few years later he published a cryptic piece in which he quotes a senior officer who was present at Smyrna on what he witnessed.
“As long as a land remains under Turkish rule, there can be no question of modern capitalist development... We must accept the process of the disintegration of Turkey as a permanent fact, and not get into our heads that it could or should be stopped. We should give our fullest sympathy to the aspirations of the Christian nations for autonomy.” Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919). Economist, Socialist, anti-war activist.
Sir William Ewart Gladstone
“Show me the manner in which a nation cares for its dead and I will measure with mathematical exactness the tender mercies of its people, their respect for the laws of the land, and their loyalty to high ideals.”