pteridophyta- unlike mosses, they have xylem and phloem (making them vascular plants). they have stems, leaves, and roots like other vascular plants. ferns reproduce via spores (as shown here on the back of the leaf) and have neither seeds nor flowers.
Most species are endemic to Australia, but some species grow in New Zealand,Malaysia. A shrub or small tree, early settlers soaked the leaves in boiling water to make a brewed tea rich in ascorbic acid (vit C).