Victorian Gold Rush

Discovery of gold in Victoria in 1851 led to a population increase in Melbourne to overtake Sydney and reputedly become the richest city in the world and the largest after London in the British Empire. Irish, German and Chinese migrants arrived to mine for gold. The Eureka Rebellion in Ballarat led by Peter Lalor in 1854 over the cost of miner’s licences and harsh police treatment caused 27 deaths but resulted in improved working conditions. Gold ran out leading to an economic crash in the 1890s
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Australia's Gold Rush ~ Clarke Street, Hill End, NSW, 1872

In the early Australian Gold Rush Days, times were tough ~ Photo of Clarke Street.,Hill End, NSW.

Fossickers at Nerrena in Gippsland Victoria Australia in 1904. The land in the background has been heavily worked by miners and is denuded of timber and most vegetation.

Photographic exhibition from theh Victorian Department of Primary Industries on the Gold Diggers

Miner's Right (1865) FRONT (crop) The Miner's Right was introduced in 1855 in the colony of Victoria, replacing the Miner's Licence. Protests in 1853 at Bendigo with the formation of the Anti-Gold Licence Association and the rebellion of Eureka Stockade in December 1854 at Ballarat led to reform of the system with a cheaper annual fee of five shillings the right to mine gold, the right to vote, and the right to own land. Previously the mining licence was eight pounds a year.

ACTIVITY: LAW Students receive a 'Miner's Right' after receiving x amount of points for kindness shown in the classroom, as a welfare exercise incorporating the unit.

Gold Cluster found near Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.

Gold nugget London Commodity Markets - Experts in are earth elements / metals…

Culture Victoria - Chinese leaving for the diggings from Newstead on a Cobb & Co coach, c1865-1871

Chinese leaving for the diggings from Newstead on a Cobb & Co coach, - Language, A Key to Survival: Cantonese-English Phrasebooks in Australia - Culture Victoria

Eureka Flag - Australia  The Eureka Hotel, torched by a mob on the 17th October , 1854.  Many historians believe this was the catalyst for the Eureka Rebellion

Eureka Flag - Australia The Eureka Hotel, torched by a mob on the October , Many historians believe this was the catalyst for the Eureka Rebellion

S.T.Gill: Gold-Buyer, Forest Creek, c. 1852

Works on Paper - Samuel Thomas Gill - Page 3 - Australian Art Auction Records

Castlemaine during the gold-rush era. The date shown (1854) is incorrect. The Burke & Wills monument on the hill in the background was erected in 1862.

Castlemaine during the gold-rush era. The date shown is incorrect. The Burke & Wills monument on the hill in the background was erected in

Coffee tent six miles from Bush Inn. Diggers breakfast 185/? Samuel Thomas Gill (gold diggings)

Coffee tent six miles from Bush Inn, Diggers Breakfast. "At these places unwary Diggers get plundered of their Gold and also where Grog is sold.

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