Typography terminology all in one.

This is a image that gives an understanding of the basic 101 of typography. It gives examples of the basic character components to understating the differences in these structures.

“In typography, a counter is the area of a letter that is entirely or partially enclosed by a letter form or a symbol (the counter-space/the hole of). Letters containing closed counters include A, B, D, O, P, Q, R, a, b, d, e, g, o, p, and q”. Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counter_(typography)

The Bowl in type terminology is basically letters that are closed up, Also the counter is basically the space in-between the closed up area of the letter and the hair line is the thin side of a type face as seen in the photograph.

Bowl: The enclosed oval or round curve of letters like 'D', 'g', b', and 'o'. In an open bowl, the stroke does not meet with the stem completely; a closed-bowl stroke meets the stem.

The bowl in typography is the enclosed curve of letters, as shown in this picture where the bowl of the letter is shaded pink

“The type's point size is determined by measuring from the highest ascender to the lowest descended (plus any additional white space to the descended line)”. Source:http://www.proximasoftware.com/fontexpert/terms

BODY SIZE - The size of type point is found by measuring from the highest ascender line to the lowest descender line. These lines are measured to the highest and lowest point of the text, including the white space left above and below smaller letters.

“The enclosed oval or round curve of letters like 'D', 'g', b', and 'o'. In an open bowl, the stroke does not meet with the stem completely; a closed-bowl stroke meets the stem”. Source:http://www.proximasoftware.com/fontexpert/terms

BOWL - The round curve of a letter is the bowl. It does not have to meet the stem, for example C, is considered a bowl.

Typography is, quite simply, the art and technique of arranging type. It's central to the work and skills of a designer and is about much more than making the words legible.

Typography is, quite simply, the art and technique of arranging type. It's central to the work and skills of a designer and is about much more than making the words legible.

Cap height: The height of the uppercase letters within a font.

cap height-The height from the baseline to the top of the uppercase letters

Serif: Small, finishing strokes on the arms, stems, and tails of characters. Serif typefaces are usually used for body's of text since the serifs form a link between letters that leads the eye across a line of type.

This guide will teach you the differences and the best uses of Serif and Sans Serif fonts.

Size: Distance (in points) from the highest ascender to the bottom of a descender of a print type.

A Descender is the lowest portion of letters such as 'g,' 'j,' 'p.' 'q,' and 'y' that extends below the baseline, or reading line of type and this portion of a lowercase letter that extends below the base line of the letter.


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