In feudal times, the samurai's wife, or okugatasama (literally: the one who stays at home), looked after the children and chores, and defend the house from thieves and invaders while her husband was away in State or clan battles.
Japanese kyudo bows were designed to be fired from horseback by mounted samurai warriors, hence holding the bow of the way up as opposed to the middle; it allows the archer to manoeuvre it over the horses head easier.
The student archers, dressed in traditional uniforms, kneal in a line behind their instructor the dojo. They hold their bows before them and practice the kyudo method of knocking the arrow. Japan, circa late to early