At the young age of Ellen was ordered to do 7 days hard labour after being convicted of stealing iron when caught with Mary Catherine Docherty, Rosanna Watson and Mary Hinnigan. These photographs are of convicted criminals in Newcastle between 1871 -
Quanah Parker - the "last Comanche Chief". He led a 40 year resistance against invasion and was never defeated. His tribe ruled the Southern Plains and defeated the Spanish through mastery of the horse.
FAMILY Many Native Americans welcomed African Americans into their villages. Even as slaves many African Americans became part of a family group, and many intermarried with Native Americans - thus many later became classified as Black Indians
White Buffalo, Cheyenne chief - Photo by Frank A. Rinehart, on the occasion of The Indian Congress occurred in conjunction with the Trans-Mississippi International Exposition of in Omaha, Nebraska, USA - (Original)