Diamond Fund is a unique collection of gems, jewelry and natural nuggets, stored and exhibited in Moscow Kremlin, Russia. The Fund dates back to the Russian Crown treasury instituted by emperor Peter I of Russia in
The jurisdiction of the Most Holy Synod extended over every kind of ecclesiastical question and over some that are partly secular. The Synod was established by Peter I of Russia on January 25, 1721 as a part of his church reform. Its establishment was followed by the abolition of the Patriarchate. The Synod was composed partly of ecclesiastical persons, partly of laymen appointed by the Tsar. Among them were the Metropolitans of Saint Petersburg, Moscow and Kiev, and the Exarch of Georgia.
Peter hired the Danish navigator, Vitus bering to explore what became known as the bering Strait. Russian pioneers then crossed into Alaska and moved as far down as California. Russia became, and still is, the largest country in the world.
Preobrazhensky Regiment was formed by Peter the Great in the late century from his poteshnye voiska (потешные войска, 'toy forces') during his military games in the village of Preobrazhenskoye (now a locality in Moscow).