Play dough mats: here's the letter 'd'. Teach the letters in a fun and interactive way: work on fine gross motor skills, that incredible 'pincer' grip by pinching the play dough in to shape; as well as giving the duck a beak :) I used it with bought play dough from Kampala but you can make it locally.
Tricky word tic-tac-toe (or noughts and crosses). You could use any words, but we decided to use tricky words. One player reads a word then places their marker on it. Then their opponent reads a different word and places their marker (different colour) on it. They repeat until one person gets three in a row (across, down or diagonal).
This is a fun way of doing matching. Children have a set of sound cards which they match to the picture. Matching the first sound to pictures is a common activity for young learners, but think of other ways to present this, not always on the chalkboard with drawing lines from the letter to the picture.
Phoneme fans. These are made out of manilla card (thin cardboard), hole-punched and held together with thread/wool. Ideal as a revision activity for a phonics lesson. Here, you are checking children's grapheme knowledge - can they hear the sound and show you the sound. Even early writers can identify the sound but don't necessarily have to have good letter formation.
Here's a sentence written on the ground. The pupils need to read the sentence to get to the other side. Tricky words are written in on square; words for sounding are just written as single sounds and the child has to try and blend as they go. The sentence is: Go to the red bed in the big hut.
Read it; Make it; Write it. For teaching any words; but especially good with tricky (non-decodable words). Pupils pick up a word card; then they make the word with bottle tops, then they write the word on the lines provided. We used sticky tape so the word could be written with a whiteboard marker and then wiped clean afterwards.
Here we have pictures with either the first sound, missing sound or last sound represented below. Children have a choice of sounds, have to pick the right one, and then use a peg to select it. I love pegs! They are great for fine-gross motor development. Be careful of the level of your learner. Begin with the first sound, then last sound, then progress to middle sound.
A fun way to introduce sounds: have a picture letter card. Create your own, you don't have to reproduce something like Letterland that isn't necessarily contextual to Uganda. Here we have a caterpillar for letter C and a baboon pooping over our letter B. We hang our letters on top of our chalkboard out the front.
An example of one of our set 2 flashcards for a new sound. The first side is the sound (oo), and the second side is a picture and phrase to represent that sound - baboon on a spoon. We make our flashcards out of thick cardboard (we rip of cardboard boxes) then write the sounds/draw pictures onto paper, then stick it on manilla card (think coloured cardboard). Then finally we seal our flashcards with thick clear tape to make them last longer.
Here's a simple phoneme frame example. I piece of paper with three boxes drawn on it (sealed with tape for long-lasting). Each box represents a phoneme (sound). Then have sound cards where the children have to put a sound in each box when writing/making a word. Helps as beginning writing activities to help children break words into their sounds.