Prime Minister Harold Holt. Australia's 17th Prime Minister was only 59 years old when he went missing on 17th Dec.1967 while swimming at Cheviot Beach (near Portsea in Melbourne). A massive search & rescue attempt was launched, but his body was never found. Australians had trouble accepting their head of state was gone & one of the most intriguing mysteries of modern Australia was born, leading to conspiracy theories ranging from murder to alien abduction & kidnap by the Chinese.
Australia's prime ministers | naa.gov.au
The National Archives' collection holds official records of each prime minister's time in office. These official records are supplemented with personal records that illuminate their lives.
Sydney & Newcastle in NSW, and Darwin in the Northern Territory all suffered attacks by the Japanese during WW2. Darwin suffered the most, being bombed a total of 64 times during the war. The first attack on Darwin was led by the same Japanese Commander responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbour ten weeks earlier.