Banksia is a genus of around 170 species in the plant family Proteaceae that is native to Australia. They have characteristic flower spikes and fruiting "cones" and heads.
They are heavy producers of nectar and a vital part of the food chain in the Australian bush. The fruits protect the seeds from foraging animals and from fire. In some species the fruits will not open until they have been burnt or completely dried out.
Inflorescence of Banksia. These Australian wildflowers are easily recognised by their characteristic flower spikes and fruiting "cones" and heads. Banksia flowers are usually a shade of yellow, but orange, red, pink and even violet flowers also occur.