Medieval Wallachian and Moldavian Armies

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Drawing of main Wallachian and Moldavian Voivodes

Voivodes

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an image of a group of people riding on horses with flags in the back ground
Vlad the Impaler and commanders, 1462
In the winter of 1462, Vlad launched a raiding campaign across the Danube targetting several key Ottoman military establishments. During this campaign, Vlad split his army into at least three army corps, attacking multiple areas. He personally led the center corps. To his right, the corps was led by a certain capitaneus Nagoi of Oraoia (possibly Neagoe of Craiova). The other corps commanders are unknown. The illustration here depicts Vlad wearing the same black armor from the other illustration.
Vlad III and his men launch a surprise night attack against the Ottoman camp near Târgoviște - Artwork by Marek Szyszko Christian Soldiers, Medieval Artwork, Late Middle Ages, Eastern European, June 16
Vlad III and his men launch a surprise night attack against the Ottoman camp
Vlad III and his men launch a surprise night attack against the Ottoman camp near Târgoviște - Artwork by Marek Szyszko
a drawing of knights in armor with flags and an american flag on the other side
Victory of Stephen the Great of Moldavia over King Matthias Corvinus - by M. V. Gorelik
Victory of Stephen the Great of Moldavia over King Matthias Corvinus - by M. V. Gorelik for "Encyclopedia for children. Vol. 5. Part 1: History of Russia and its closest neighbors"
a drawing of a man on a horse with a bow and arrow
Moldavian Light Cavalry, 15th-early 16th century
The light cavalry (called "Călărași") was the main force in the Wallachian and Moldavian armies. The light cavalrymen usually used a bow but could also attack using lances. Their main roles would be to scout for the army as well as harass enemy units with hit and run tactics (both outside and during battle). The cavalryman shown here and his equipment are based on early 16th century frescos from Moldavia as well as an altar painting from Târnava, Sibiu.
a knight riding on the back of a white horse
Moldavian knight, 1522
Moldavian knight, 1522. Based on a medallion from Târgu-Neamț
a knight riding on the back of a brown horse
Wallachian knight, 1456/1462
Wallachian knight during Vlad the Impaler's second reign (1456-1462)
a man riding on the back of a black horse wearing a red and green outfit
Wallachian knight, 1377
Wallachian knight from the time of Radu I reign, 1377